Level Three consists of a combination of six fishing knots that work well in monofilament fishing line, a climbing knots and two knots used to secure heavy loads. Monofilament fishing line is made from various plastics and is prone to slipping. Regular knots used on a multi-stranded ropes do not hold well in monofilament so fishermen have developed ways to handle this problem. Take special note of the comments on line size, number of turns and always remember to wet the knot (with saliva) before drawing it tight.
The instructions for tying knots use some general terms and you will see them used for the fishing knots as well. Something to realize with fishing knots is that you work with only one end of the line. The “standing part” refers to the long portion of line that goes to the fishing reel. As before, the “tag end” is just that, the end of the line.
Fishermen often use a short, heavier (stronger) piece of monofilament called a leader at the end of the regular line to prevent a fish from biting through it. Other times a loop is used to tie on a lure so it moves more freely. When you start learning fishing knots you will find that there are dozens, even hundreds, of special purpose fishing knots!
When you tighten a knot tied with monofilament you typically only pull on one end (usually the standing part) and let the knot slip until it tightens up completely. At that point you can trim the tag end close to the knot. Fishermen often use a pair of common nail clippers to trim the tag end close. You need to be careful tightening fishing knots for two reasons. Monofilament can easily cut your skin. Also, more importantly, when you’re tying on a hook or a lure there’s a sharp, barbed point that doesn’t pull out of skin very easily if you get stuck with it. It’s always best to hold a hook with a pair of pliers (needle nose pliers work best) when you’re tightening the knot.
The last four knots can prove useful in various situations. The two loop knots allow you to tie a secure knot in the middle of a rope without using the ends. The two packing knots have been used to tie camping and prospecting equipment to the back of a mule or onto a pack frame, or to tie down a canoe to the top of a car.